Old Havana

Old Havana Havanna - Altstadt Havanna

Old Havana. Bewertungen. Nr. 1 von Aktivitäten in Kuba · Wahrzeichen & Sehenswürdigkeiten, Historische Wanderwege. Leider sind an den von. Buchen Sie Ihr Hotel in Old Havana, Havanna online. Wo genau? Finden Sie alle Hotels in Old Havana, Havanna auf einer Karte. Havanna - Altstadt Havanna. Hier gibt es Wäsche auf den Balkonen, die sich über die engen gepflasterten Gassen hinausrecken, schattige Höfe und. Large house in Oldtown heart. Enjoy the atmosphere while relaxing on the rooftop garden during the stay. Five bedrooms, three baths will accommodate up to 8. Aug. - Privatzimmer für 35€. One of the best casas in havana vieja. Every room has his own balcony and the casa is close to everything! 5 min to.

Old Havana

Large house in Oldtown heart. Enjoy the atmosphere while relaxing on the rooftop garden during the stay. Five bedrooms, three baths will accommodate up to 8. Old Havana, Havana Picture: Turm auf dem Platz der Revolution - Check out Tripadvisor members' candid photos and videos of Old Havana. Old Havana, Havana Picture: Nicht China sondern Havana - Check out Tripadvisor members' candid photos and videos of Old Havana.

Old Havana Video

LEGENDARY MUSICIANS OF OLD HAVANA Pt 3

Cinnamon Bun Martini 8. Topped with Tropical Red Bull. Cuban Chicken and Rice is made with veggies and spices! Also known as Arroz Con Pollo, this meal is one that the entire family will love!

The cornerstone of an authentic Cuban sandwich is the delicious slow roasted pork and Mojo Sauce. Often the easiest recipes are the best and this favourite Cuban side dish is no exception!

Spread the love! Our Gift Vouchers make an ideal present for any special occasion. They are valid to spend at Old Havana. Please make sure you give us your voucher reference number once you have bought it on this page.

These vouchers will make an ideal present for any special occasion. These vouchers are valid to spend at Juniper Place. In normal times that means the best party and group packages in town and these will be back as soon as we are all through this challenging period.

So have a great time at Old Havana with the fun condensed to smaller groups, for birthdays, celebrations as well as just the two of us occasions. Whatever you are celebrating use our booking form to arrange your next Old Havana experience.

Subscribe to our Newsletter to stay up to date with our great offers. View Menu. Sorry, your browser doesn't support embedded videos.

Sabor Cuba! Find Us. Swansea With the largest outside terrace in Swansea and a maximum capacity of , Old Havana is all about great spaces to enjoy.

Our Menu. Main Menu Cuba is famous for lots of things. Served over cubed ice My Only Sunshine 8. Garnished with a fresh raspberry Cinnamon Bun Martini 8.

Fried Sweet Plantains Maduros Often the easiest recipes are the best and this favourite Cuban side dish is no exception! Gift Vouchers Spread the love!

Gift Vouchers These vouchers will make an ideal present for any special occasion. Book Now. Sadly, in the s, construction engulfed the plaza and transformed it into an underground car park.

Thanks to the citizens of Havana and government support, the Plaza Vieja has been restored and is now one of the most popular squares in Old Havana.

An eclectic mix of restored buildings - from Art Nouveau to Cuban Baroque - preside at its edges and a small 18th-century fountain bubbles at its center.

An architectural highlight here is the 18th-century Casa del Conde Jaruco , which displays some of the city's most beautiful stained glass windows.

A few steps from the Museo de la Ciudad , the 16th-century fortress, Castillo de la Real Fuerza, was built to fend off attacks from pirates.

Unfortunately, it was never used for this purpose, since it was positioned too far inside the bay.

Instead, the fort functioned as a storehouse for valuables and a residence for members of the military and gentry. Designed and built by Francisco de Calona, Castillo de la Real Fuerza is an engineering marvel, with a deep moat, a drawbridge, and walls that are six meters thick and 10 meters high.

Today, visitors can explore Havana's seafaring history at the maritime museum here, with displays such as model sailing boats, weapons, and treasure retrieved from sunken ships.

You can explore the Hall of Heroic Cuba for an impressive display of objects from the revolution. Art history buffs will want to visit the Espada Cemetery Room to view the tomb of famous French artist Vermay.

In the Throne Room stands a sumptuous chair that was built for the visit of a Spanish monarch, and never used. But perhaps the highlight of the museum is the Salon de los Espejos.

Adorned with beautiful 19th-century mirrors, this room was where the official end of Spanish rule was proclaimed in Other items of interest in the museum are the Cenotaph from the Parroquial Mayor Church; La Giraldilla, the oldest bronze statue in Cuba; and the busts in the gallery overlooking the leafy courtyard.

A working knowledge of the local language is a bonus here, since the tours and displays are in Spanish. The carefully-restored buildings impart a well-loved feel to this cobbled square.

Two famous buildings grace Plaza de San Francisco: the Lonja del Comercio , with its stunning central dome, and the Basilica Menor de San Francisco de Asis , featuring a tower that provides beautiful views over Havana and the sea.

Reputed to have the best acoustics in all of Cuba, the basilica is used primarily for musical concerts; check in with the attendant for current events.

Also in the square, is the Fuente de los Leones, a white marble fountain. Once a freshwater supply to passing ships, this "fountain of the lions," was carved by Giuseppe Gaggini, who donated it to the country in Blending Neoclassical and Art Nouveau styles, the building was inaugurated in and was the seat of government until the Cuban Revolution in It is currently being painstakingly restored, but you can still stop by to admire its facade and snap a photo.

Once complete, it will become the new home for Cuba's Communist parliament. At legendary La Bodeguita del Medio, Hemingway fans can follow in the famous scribe's footsteps.

Tourists flock here to sip cool drinks, feast on succulent seafood, and listen to live Cuban music while immersed in a rich ambiance of nostalgia.

Every square inch of the walls wears the signatures and memorabilia from some of the famous and not-so-famous former patrons. The plaza has been restored to its original elegant appearance and is surrounded by colourful, historic buildings from four different centuries.

The most beautiful home in Plaza Vieja, and probably my favourite building in all of Havana, is Casa del Conde Jaruco.

Casa del Conde Jaruco was completed in to become the home of the Countess de Merlin, a Cuban novelist. The house features gorgeous mediopuntos, half-moon stained glass windows, above the ground floor arcade.

It is now used for art exhibits. This also just happens to be where we met the man who ended up taking us to a black market cigar shop.

The picturesque Plaza de San Francisco is directly across from the port. It appears more commercial in nature than the other plazas since the old customs house and former stock exchange were here.

Built from , it features a 42 metre high bell tower and contains the remains of influential Havana citizens. Plaza de Armas was our favourite plaza to people watch while we sat in the shade, resting our tired feet.

The centre of the square is lush with palm trees and other tropical plants, while the perimeter is lined with elegant Baroque buildings.

Plaza de Armas was built in the s and was used for military exercises up until the mids. After undergoing a transformation, it became popular among rich Havana citizens and attracted people who wanted to enjoy carriage rides around the area.

Plaza de Armas is invigorated by the second-hand book market that operates there every Tuesday to Sunday. After Havana was raided in by French buccaneer Jacques de Sores, destroying the original fortress, it was necessary to build a new fort to protect the city from further pirate attacks.

Castillo de la Real Fuerza was completed in to serve this purpose, but soon proved to be ineffective because of its poor position too far inside the bay.

No longer useful for defense, military commanders and governors moved in to make the castle their residence. It also was used as a place to safely store treasures brought from America.

In , the lookout tower was crowned with a bronze weather vane known as La Giraldilla. It soon became a symbol of Havana, even though there is disagreement about what it represents.

Theories range from it being a symbol of victory, a representation of Seville, and a likeness of Ines de Bobadilla, the wife of Spanish governor Hernando de Soto.

Today the fortress is a shipwreck museum, displaying jewels, artifacts and a huge model of a naval ship. While the model ship was impressive, the rest of the museum was rather boring.

Everything was labeled in Spanish, so we were unsure of the significance of what we were looking at. Our visit was also tarnished by the staff members who persistently hassled us for handouts.

When I think back on our visit to Havana, the plazas are what stand out the most. I loved admiring the architecture and experiencing the different personalities of each square.

It was easy to see why Old Havana is such a popular tourist spot! Your email is never published or shared.

Frank Great photos and good guide to the different sites. We thought Old Havana was actually too restored for our liking, almost like it was a show for the tourists.

But love the photos!

Old Havana

Old Havana Video

\ Old Havana Dieser Stadtteil Hafen Spiele eine lebendige Geschichte sowohl der Vergangenheit als auch der Gegenwart in sich. Freuen Sie sich auf klimatisierte Unterkünfte und eine Bar. Möglicherweise sind Reisen nur für bestimmte Zwecke erlaubt und insbesondere touristische Reisen sind unter Umständen nicht Mats Hummels Chelsea. Freuen Sie sich auf eine Bar an der Unterkunft. Marketing-Cookies Cookies, die von anderen Partnern verwendet werden, um bei der Entscheidung zu helfen, welche Produkte und Werbung Ihnen auf unserer und anderen Webseiten gezeigt werden. Beliebtes Hotel in dieser Gegend. Castillo de la Real Fuerza Sehenswürdigkeiten. Revolution Museum Museen. Akzeptieren Ablehnen. Warum bei Cuba Travel Network buchen? Diese Cookies werden genutzt, um personalisierte Werbung sowohl auf Booking. Wir helfen Ihnen gerne Hola! Weshalb bei uns buchen?

Classic Cubano 8. Breakfast Cuban 8. Meatball Marina 7. Vegetable a La Brasa 7. Our food is stored, prepared and cooked in our kitchen where allergens are present.

Therefore, if you have any food allergy or intolerances, please let us know before ordering. Cuban meatballs Baked in the oven and finished in mojo sauce.

Calamares Crispy salt and pepper calamari, fresh lime. Nachos Nachos covered in cheese sauce, mojo and jalapenos V. Please inform your server prior to ordering of any dietary requirements.

Quench a thirst with a Latin spirit. My Only Sunshine 8. I Dream of Cuba 8. Cinnamon Bun Martini 8. Topped with Tropical Red Bull. Cuban Chicken and Rice is made with veggies and spices!

Also known as Arroz Con Pollo, this meal is one that the entire family will love! The cornerstone of an authentic Cuban sandwich is the delicious slow roasted pork and Mojo Sauce.

Often the easiest recipes are the best and this favourite Cuban side dish is no exception! Spread the love! Our Gift Vouchers make an ideal present for any special occasion.

They are valid to spend at Old Havana. Please make sure you give us your voucher reference number once you have bought it on this page.

These vouchers will make an ideal present for any special occasion. These vouchers are valid to spend at Juniper Place. In normal times that means the best party and group packages in town and these will be back as soon as we are all through this challenging period.

So have a great time at Old Havana with the fun condensed to smaller groups, for birthdays, celebrations as well as just the two of us occasions.

Whatever you are celebrating use our booking form to arrange your next Old Havana experience. Subscribe to our Newsletter to stay up to date with our great offers.

View Menu. Sorry, your browser doesn't support embedded videos. Sabor Cuba! Find Us. Swansea With the largest outside terrace in Swansea and a maximum capacity of , Old Havana is all about great spaces to enjoy.

Our Menu. Main Menu Cuba is famous for lots of things. Served over cubed ice My Only Sunshine 8. Garnished with a fresh raspberry Cinnamon Bun Martini 8.

Fried Sweet Plantains Maduros Often the easiest recipes are the best and this favourite Cuban side dish is no exception! Gift Vouchers Spread the love!

Gift Vouchers These vouchers will make an ideal present for any special occasion. Book Now. Go to Top. In the s, organized crime characters were aware of Havana's nightclub and casino life, and they made their inroads in the city.

Santo Trafficante Jr. At the time, Havana became an exotic capital of appeal and numerous activities ranging from marinas, grand prix car racing, musical shows, and parks.

It was also the favorite destination of sex tourists. Havana achieved the title of being the Latin American city with the biggest middle class population per-capita, simultaneously accompanied by gambling and corruption where gangsters and stars were known to mix socially.

During this era, Havana was generally producing more revenue than Las Vegas, Nevada , whose boom as a tourist destination began only after Havana's casinos closed in In , about , American tourists visited the city.

Nevertheless, after Castro's abrupt expropriation of all private property and industry May onwards under a strong communist model backed by the Soviet Union followed by the U.

By —68, the Cuban government had nationalized all privately owned business entities in Cuba, down to "certain kinds of small retail forms of commerce" law No.

A severe economic downturn occurred after the collapse of the Soviet Union in Soviet subsidies ended, representing billions of dollars which the Soviet Union had given the Cuban government.

Many believed the revolutionary government would soon collapse, as happened to the Soviet satellite states of Eastern Europe. However, contrary to events in Europe, Cuba's communist government persevered through the s and persists to this day.

After many years of prohibition , the communist government increasingly turned to tourism for new financial revenue, and has allowed foreign investors to build new hotels and develop the hospitality industry.

In Old Havana, effort has also gone into rebuilding for tourist purposes, and a number of streets and squares have been rehabilitated.

There are low hills on which the city lies rise gently from the deep blue waters of the straits. Another notable rise is the hill to the west that is occupied by the University of Havana and the Prince's Castle.

Outside the city, higher hills rise on the west and east. Havana, like much of Cuba, has a tropical climate that is tempered by the island's position in the belt of the trade winds and by the warm offshore currents.

Under the Köppen climate classification , Havana has a tropical monsoon climate that closely borders on a tropical rainforest climate. Hurricanes occasionally strike the island, but they ordinarily hit the south coast, [ citation needed ] and damage in Havana has been less than elsewhere in the country.

Tornadoes can be somewhat rare in Cuba, however, on the evening of January 28, , a very rare strong F4 tornado struck the eastern side of Havana, Cuba's capital city.

The tornado caused extensive damage, destroying at least 90 homes, killing four people and injuring Contemporary Havana can essentially be described as three cities in one: Old Havana , Vedado , and the newer suburban districts.

To the west a newer section, centred on the uptown area known as Vedado , has become the rival of Old Havana for commercial activity and nightlife.

The Capitolio Nacional building marks the beginning of Centro Habana, a working-class neighborhood that lies between Vedado and Old Havana.

A third Havana is that of the more affluent residential and industrial districts that spread out mostly to the west. Among these is Marianao , one of the newer parts of the city, dating mainly from the s.

Some of the suburban exclusivity was lost after the revolution, many of the suburban homes having been nationalized by the Cuban government to serve as schools, hospitals, and government offices.

Several private country clubs were converted to public recreational centres. Miramar , located west of Vedado along the coast, remains Havana's exclusive area; mansions, foreign embassies, diplomatic residences, upscale shops, and facilities for wealthy foreigners are common in the area.

In the s many parts of Old Havana , including the Plaza de Armas, became part of a projected year multimillion-dollar restoration project, for Cubans to appreciate their past and boost tourism.

In the past ten years, with the assistance of foreign aid and under the support of local city historian Eusebio Leal Spengler, large parts of Habana Vieja have been renovated.

The city is moving forward with their renovations, with most of the major plazas Plaza Vieja, Plaza de la Catedral, Plaza de San Francisco and Plaza de Armas and major tourist streets Obispo and Mercaderes near completion.

The city is divided into 15 municipalities [42] — or boroughs , which are further subdivided into wards [43] consejos populares. Numbers refer to map.

Due to Havana's almost five hundred-year existence , the city boasts some of the most diverse styles of architecture in the world, from castles built in the late 16th century to modernist present-day high-rises.

The present condition of many buildings in Havana has deteriorated since the Revolution. Neoclassism was introduced into the city in the s, at the time including Gas public lighting in and the railroad in In the second half of the 18th century, sugar and coffee production increased rapidly, which became essential in the development of Havana's most prominent architectural style.

Many wealthy Habaneros took their inspiration from the French; this can be seen within the interiors of upper-class houses such as the Aldama Palace built in This is considered the most important neoclassical residential building in Cuba and typifies the design of many houses of this period with portales of neoclassical columns facing open spaces or courtyards.

In Jean-Claude Nicolas Forestier , the head of urban planning in Paris moved to Havana for five years to collaborate with architects and landscape designers.

In the master planning of the city his aim was to create a harmonic balance between the classical built form and the tropical landscape.

He embraced and connected the city's road networks while accentuating prominent landmarks. His influence has left a huge mark on Havana although many of his ideas were cut short by the great depression in During the first decades of the 20th century Havana expanded more rapidly than at any time during its history.

Great wealth prompted architectural styles to be influenced from abroad. The peak of Neoclassicism came with the construction of the Vedado district begun in This area features a number of set back well-proportioned buildings in the Neoclassical style.

Riches were brought from the colonialists into and through Havana as it was a key transshipment point between the new world and old world.

As a result, Havana was the most heavily fortified city in the Americas. Most examples of early architecture can be seen in military fortifications such as La Fortaleza de San Carlos de la Cabana — designed by Battista Antonelli and the Castillo del Morro — This sits at the entrance of Havana Bay and provides an insight into the supremacy and wealth at that time.

Old Havana was also protected by a defensive wall begun in but had already overgrown its boundaries when it was completed in , becoming the new neighbourhood of Centro Habana.

The influence from different styles and cultures can be seen in Havana's colonial architecture, with a diverse range of Moorish architecture , Spanish , Italian , Greek and Roman.

The Havana cathedral — dominating the Plaza de la Catedral is the best example of Cuban Baroque. The first echoes of the Art Deco movement in Havana started in , in the residential area of Miramar.

The year marked the beginning of the reaction against the Spanish Renaissance style architecture.

Art Deco started in the lush and wealthy suburbs of Miramar , Marianao , and Vedado. The city's eclectic architectural sights begins in Centro Habana.

Many high-rise office buildings, and apartment complexes, along with some hotels built in the s dramatically altered the skyline.

Modernism, therefore, transformed much of the city and is known its individual buildings of high quality rather than its larger key buildings.

Examples of the latter are Habana Libre , which before the revolution was the Havana Hilton Hotel and La Rampa movie theater This story complex was conceived and based on Corbusian ideas of a self-contained city within a city.

It contained apartments, garages, a school, a supermarket, and restaurant on the top floor. This was the tallest concrete structure in the world at the time using no steel frame and the ultimate symbol of luxury and excess.

Polevitzky , a twenty-one-story edifice, when it opened, the Riviera was the largest purpose-built casino-hotel in Cuba or anywhere in the world, outside Las Vegas the Havana Hilton surpassed its size a year later.

Havana, by far the leading cultural centre of the country, offers a wide variety of features that range from museums, palaces, public squares, avenues, churches, fortresses including the largest fortified complex in the Americas dating from the 16th through 18th centuries , ballet and from art and musical festivals to exhibitions of technology.

The restoration of Old Havana offered a number of new attractions, including a museum to house relics of the Cuban revolution.

The government placed special emphasis on cultural activities, many of which are free or involve only a minimal charge. It became a stopping point for the treasure laden Spanish Galleons on the crossing between the New World and the Old World.

In the 17th century, it was one of the main shipbuilding centers. The city was built in baroque and neoclassic style. Many buildings have fallen in ruin but a number are being restored.

The narrow streets of Old Havana contain many buildings, accounting for perhaps as many as one-third of the approximately 3, buildings found in Old Havana.

Old Havana is the ancient city formed from the port, the official center and the Plaza de Armas. Alejo Carpentier called Old Havana the place "de las columnas" of the columns.

The Cuban government is taking many steps to preserve and to restore Old Havana, through the Office of the city historian, directed by Eusebio Leal.

The beauty of Old Havana City attracts millions of tourists each year who enjoy its rich old culture and folk music. In spring , the largest open-air art exhibition ever in Cuba took in front of the basilica on the Plaza San Francisco de Asis : Over eight weeks the United Buddy Bears visited Havana.

The main aim is to promote the idea of tolerance and mutual understanding between countries, cultures and religions and to communicate a vision of a future peaceful world.

Barrio Chino was once Latin America's largest and most vibrant Chinese community, [56] [57] [58] incorporated into the city by the early part of the 20th century.

Hundreds of thousands of Chinese workers were brought in by Spanish settlers from Guangdong , Fujian , Hong Kong , and Macau via Manila , Philippines [59] starting in the midth century to replace or work alongside African slaves.

The first Chinese-born arrived in Havana on June 3, The strip is a pedestrian-only street adorned with many red lanterns, dancing red paper dragons and other Chinese cultural designs, there is a great number of restaurants that serve a full spectrum of Chinese dishes — unfortunately that 'spectrum' is said by many [ who?

The district has two paifang Chinese arches , the larger one located on Calle Dragones. China donated the materials in the late s. The smaller arch is located on Zanja strip.

The Cuban's Chinese boom ended when Fidel Castro's revolution seized private businesses, sending tens of thousands of business-minded Chinese fleeing, mainly to the United States.

Descendants are now making efforts to preserve and revive the culture. The museum houses one of the largest collections of paintings and sculpture from Latin America and is the largest in the Caribbean region.

The museum was the Presidential Palace in the capital; today, its displays and documents outline Cuba's history from the beginning of the neo-colonial period.

Several museums in Old Havana houses furniture, silverware , pottery , glass and other items from the colonial period. One of these is the Palacio de los Capitanes Generales , where Spanish governors once lived.

The Casa de Africa presents another aspect of Cuba's history, it houses a large collection of Afro-Cuban religious artifacts. Havana's Museo del Automobil has an impressive collection of vehicles dating back to a Cadillac.

While most museums of Havana are situated in Old Havana, few of them can also be found in Vedado.

There are also sculptural pieces by Giuseppe Moretti , [69] representing allegories depicting benevolence, education, music and theatre.

Other important theatres in the city includes the National Theater of Cuba , housed in a huge modern building located in Plaza de la Revolucion , decorated with works by Cuban artists.

The National Theater includes two main theatre stages, the Avellaneda Auditorium and the Covarrubias Auditorium , as well as a smaller theatre workshop space on the ninth floor.

The Karl Marx Theater with its large auditorium have a seating capacity of 5, spectators, is generally used for concerts and other events, it is also one of the venues for the annual Havana Film Festival.

The city has long been a popular attraction for tourists. Between and , Havana hosted more tourists than any other location in the Caribbean.

A pamphlet published by E. Kropp Co. With the deterioration of Cuba — United States relations and the imposition of the trade embargo on the island in , tourism dropped drastically and did not return to anything close to its pre-revolution levels until The revolutionary government in general, and Fidel Castro in particular, initially opposed any considerable development of the tourism industry, linking it to the debauchery and criminal activities of times past.

In the late s, however, Castro changed his stance and, in , the Cuban government passed a foreign investment code which opened a number of sectors, tourism included, to foreign capital.

Through the creation of firms open to such foreign investment such as Cubanacan , Cuba began to attract capital for hotel development, managing to increase the number of tourists from , in to , by the end of that decade.

Havana has also been a popular health tourism destination for more than 20 years. Foreign patients travel to Cuba, Havana in particular, for a wide range of treatments including eye-surgery , neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease , and orthopaedics.

Many patients are from Latin America, although medical treatment for retinitis pigmentosa , often known as night blindness , has attracted many patients from Europe and North America.

Havana has a diversified economy, with traditional sectors, such as manufacturing, construction, transportation and communications, and new or revived ones such as biotechnology and tourism.

The city's economy first developed on the basis of its location, which made it one of the early great trade centres in the New World.

Sugar and a flourishing slave trade first brought riches to the city, and later, after independence, it became a renowned resort.

Despite efforts by Fidel Castro's government to spread Cuba's industrial activity to all parts of the island, Havana remains the centre of much of the nation's industry.

The traditional sugar industry, upon which the island's economy has been based for three centuries, is centred elsewhere on the island and controls some three-fourths of the export economy.

But light manufacturing facilities, meat-packing plants, and chemical and pharmaceutical operations are concentrated in Havana.

Other food-processing industries are also important, along with shipbuilding, vehicle manufacturing, production of alcoholic beverages particularly rum , textiles, and tobacco products, particularly the world-famous Habanos cigars.

The port also supports a considerable fishing industry. Havana, on average, has the country's highest incomes and human development indicators.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Cuba re-emphasized tourism as a major industry leading to its recovery. Tourism is now Havana and Cuba's primary economic source.

Havana's economy is still in flux, despite Raul Castro's embrace of free enterprise in After the Revolution, Cuba's traditional capitalist free-enterprise system was replaced by a heavily socialized economic system.

In Havana, Cuban-owned businesses and U. In Old Havana and throughout Vedado there are several small private businesses, such as shoe-repair shops or dressmaking facilities.

Banking as well is also under state control, and the National Bank of Cuba , headquartered in Havana, is the control center of the Cuban economy.

Its branches in some cases occupy buildings that were in pre-revolutionary times the offices of Cuban or foreign banks. In the late s Vedado, located along the atlantic waterfront, started to represent the principal commercial area.

It was developed extensively between and , when Havana developed as a major destination for U. Vedado is today Havana's financial district, the main banks, airline companies offices, shops, most businesses headquarters, numerous high-rise apartments and hotels, are located in the area.

By the end of official Census, According to the official census the Cuban census and similar studies use the term "skin colour" instead of "race".

There are few mestizos in contrast to many other Latin American countries, because the Native Indian population was virtually wiped out by Eurasian diseases in colonial times.

The con-urbanization expanded over the Havana municipality borders into neighbor municipalities of Marianao, Regla and Guanabacoa.

Starting from the s, the city's population is growing slowly as a result of balanced development policies, low birth rate, its relatively high rate of emigration abroad, and controlled domestic migration.

Because of the city and country's low birth rate and high life expectancy, [4] [81] its age structure is similar to a developed country, with Havana having an even higher proportion of elderly than the country as a whole.

There is a population of internal migrants to Havana nicknamed "palestinos" Palestinians , [82] sometimes considered a racist term, [83] these mostly hail from the eastern region of Oriente.

The city's significant minority of Chinese , mostly Cantonese ancestors, were brought in the midth century by Spanish settlers via the Philippines with work contracts and after completing 8-year contracts many Chinese immigrants settled permanently in Havana.

There is a population of several thousand North African teen and pre-teen refugees. Roman Catholics form the largest religious group in Havana.

Its patron saint is San Cristobal Saint Christopher , to whom the cathedral is devoted. The Jewish community in Havana has reduced after the Revolution from once having embraced more than 15, Jews, [90] many of whom had fled Nazi persecution and subsequently left Cuba to Miami or moved to Israel after Castro took to power in The city once had five synagogues , but only three remain one Orthodox , and two Conservative : one Conservative Ashkenazi and one Conservative Sephardic , Beth Shalom Grand Synagogue is one of them and another that is a hybrid of all 3 put together.

The years after the Soviet Union collapsed in , the city, and Cuba in general have suffered decades of economic deterioration, including Special Period of s.

The generic term " slum " is seldom used in Cuba, substandard housing is described: housing type, housing conditions, building materials, and settlement type.

The National Housing Institute considers units in solares a large inner-city mansion or older hotel or boarding house subdivided into rooms, sometimes with over 60 families [94] and shanty towns to be the "precarious housing stock" and tracks their number.

Shanty towns are scattered throughout the city except for in a few central areas. Buildings in Old Havana and Centro Habana are especially exposed to the elements: high humidity, the corrosive effects of salt spray from proximity to the coast, and occasional flooding.

Most areas of the city, specially the highly-populated districts, are in urban decay. The airport is Cuba's main international and domestic gateway, it connects Havana with the rest of the Caribbean , North , Central and South America , Europe and one destination in Africa.

The city is also served by Playa Baracoa Airport which is small airport to the west of city used for some domestic flights, primarily Aerogaviota.

Havana has a network of suburban , interurban and long-distance rail lines. In the Union de Ferrocarriles de Cuba bought French first class airconditioned coaches.

In the s there were plans for a Metro system in Havana similar to Moscow 's, as a result of the Soviet Union influence in Cuba at the time.

The studies of geology and finance made by Cuban, Czech and Soviet specialists were already well advanced in the s.

An interurban line, known as the Hershey Electric Railway , built in runs from Casablanca across the harbor from Old Havana to Hershey and on to Matanzas.

Havana operated a tram system until , which began as a horsecar system, Ferro Carril Urbano de la Habana in , [] merged with rival coach operator in as Empresa del Ferro-Carril Urbano y Omnibus de La Habana and later electrified in under new foreign owners as Havana Electric Railway Company.

The fare is CUP 0. The city's road network is quite extensive, and has broad avenues, main streets and major access roads to the city such as the Autopista Nacional A1 , Carretera Central and Via Blanca.

The road network has been under construction and growth since the colonial era but is undergoing a major deterioration due to low maintenance.

Motorways autopistas include:. The city is administered by a city-provincial council, with a governor as chief administrative officer, [] thus Havana functions as both a city and a province.

The city has little autonomy and is dependent upon the national government, particularly, for much of its budgetary and overall political direction.

The national government is headquartered in Havana and plays an extremely visible role in the city's life. Moreover, the all-embracing authority of many national institutions has led to a declining role for the city government, which, nevertheless, still provides much of the essential services and has competences in education, health care, city public transport, garbage collection, small industry, agriculture, etc.

Voters elect delegates to Municipal Assemblies in competitive elections. There is only one political party, the Communist Party , but since there must be a minimum of two candidates, members of the Communist Party often run against each other.

Candidates are not required to be members of the party. They are nominated directly by citizens in open meetings within each election district.

Municipal Assembly delegates in turn elect members of the Provincial Assembly, which in Havana serves roughly as the City Council; its president functions as the Mayor.

There are direct elections for deputies to the National Assembly based on slates, and a portion of the candidates is nominated at the local level.

The People's Councils Consejos Populares consist of local municipal delegates who elect a full-time representative to preside over the body.

In addition, there is participation from "mass organisations" and representatives of local government agencies, industries and services. The People's Councils in Havana cover an average of 20, residents.

Havana city borders are contiguous with the Mayabeque Province on the south and east and to Artemisa Province on the west, since former La Habana Province rural was abolished in The national government assumes all responsibility for education, and there are adequate primary, secondary, and vocational training schools throughout Cuba.

The schools are of varying quality and education is free and compulsory at all levels except higher learning, which is also free.

The University of Havana , located in the Vedado section of Havana, was established in and was regarded as a leading institution of higher learning in the Western Hemisphere.

Soon after the Revolution, the university, as well as all other educational institutions, were nationalized. The Cuban National Ballet School with 4, students is one of the largest ballet schools in the world and the most prestigious ballet school in Cuba.

All Cuban residents have free access to health care in hospitals, [] local polyclinics, and neighborhood family doctors who serve on average families each, [] which is one of the highest doctor-to-patient ratio in the world.

Hospitals in Havana are run by the national government, and citizens are assigned hospitals and clinics to which they may go for attention.

Utility services are under the control of several nationalized state enterprises that have developed since the Cuban revolution.

Water, electricity, and sewage service are administered in this fashion. Electricity is supplied by generators that are fueled with oil.

Much of the original power plant installations, which operated before the Revolutionary government assumed control, have become somewhat outdated.

Many Cubans are avid sports fans who particularly favour baseball. Havana's team in the Cuban National Series is Industriales.

The city has several large sports stadiums, the largest one is the Estadio Latinoamericano. Admission to sporting events is generally free, and impromptu games are played in neighborhoods throughout the city.

Social clubs at the beaches provide facilities for water sports and include restaurants and dance halls. Maria Teresa, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.

As Cuba's national capital and seat of government, Havana hosts 88 embassies including the papal apostolic nunciature , traditionally manned by a titular archbishop.

Furthermore, there are 11 consulates -general and a trade office. Havana is twinned with:. Note: Some of the city's municipalities are also twinned to small cities or districts of other big cities, for details see their respective articles.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Capital of Cuba. For other uses, see Havana disambiguation. For other uses, see Habana disambiguation.

For the dog breed, see Havanese dog. Capital city in La Habana, Cuba. Coat of arms. City of Columns [1]. Main articles: History of Havana and Timeline of Havana.

Colon Cemetery. Morro Fortress. Main article: Seal of Havana. Main article: Old Havana. Further information: Chinese Cuban.

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